Grant is closed
Sep 2010 – Dec 2015
Oral Rehydration Salts & Zinc Treatments
India – South Asia
To reduce childhood diarrhoea through public-sector provision of oral rehydration salts (ORS) and zinc in Bihar.
$6,250,000 Multi-Year Grant Value
Diarrhoea is a leading cause of morbidity among children under five years of age around the world.
In India, each child under two experiences an average of 3.1 diarrhoea episodes per year and nearly 150,000 children died from diarrhoea in 2010.
Despite ORS being available and recommended in India since the 1980s, the most recent national survey reports that only 26% of children with diarrhoea in the previous two weeks were given ORS. State-level adoption of zinc for treatment of diarrhoea has been slow throughout many states in India, including Bihar.
The grant aimed to ensure that 60% of public sector heath workers were treating diarrhoea with ORS and zinc. Projections showed that this could help avert over 4,000 childhood deaths.
In Bihar, India, Micronutrient Initiative rolled out a new initiative to enhance diarrhoea treatment with zinc and ORS in the public sector. The programme included training, supportive supervision for health workers and the distribution of diarrhoea treatment kits.
The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health and collaborators at the Society of Applied Studies conducted an external evaluation to measure changes in diarrhoea care-seeking and treatment in intervention districts.